Cardiorespiratory endurance - the ability of the heart and lungs to deliver oxygen to the working muscles.

Muscular Endurance - the ability of the muscle to exert submaximal force over a long period of time or repeatedly over time.

Muscular strength - the ability of the muscle to exert maximal force.

Muscular Flexibility - the ability of a muscle to move through its full range of motion.

Agility - to ability to change body position and direction quickly and effeiciently.

Balance - the ability to maintain the body in equlibrium.

Co-ordination - integration of the nervous system and muscular sustem to produce correct, graceful and harmonius body movements.

Speed - to ability to propel the body or part thereof rapidly from one point to another.

Power - the product of strength and speed of movement, the ability to produce maximum force in the shortest time.

Aerobic - in the presence of oxygen.

Anerobic - in the absence of oxygen.

Oxygen Consumption (VO2) - the maximal capacity to transport and utilize oxygen during during exercise, is also expressed in simple terms as a 'MET' which means metabolic equivalent.

Heart rate - heart rate and oxygen consumption have a linear relationship, that is, as the heart rate rises, it indicates a rise in oxygen consumption or exercise intensity.

Co-operating Muscle Groups

When muscles cause a limb to move through the joints range of motion, they usually perform in the following co-operating groups:

Agonists - these muscles cause movement to occur. Through contraction they create a normal range of movement in the joint.

Example: Jab - The biceps and the forearm extensor is responsible for the movement to occur as well as preventing hyper extension of the elbow joint. The synergist also prevents any extra motion generated from the technique executed.

Antagonists - these muscles work opposite to the agonists and are responsible for returning a limb to it's initial position.

Example: Jab - after the jab is executed the forearm flexor and the tricep is responsible for retracting the arm back to it's on guard position.

Synergists - these muscles perform the same set of joint motion as the agonists. Also refered to as neutralisers they help cancell out any extra motion from the agonists to ensure that the force generated works within the desired plane of motion.

Fixators - also refered to as stabilisers they provide the necessary support to assist in core stabilization when techniques are executed.

Example: Abdominals and Spinal erector muscles during the execution of Kardio Warrior techniques.

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